The Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) utilizes early intervention strategies in its efforts to reduce the impact of substance use and mental disorders in America.
Mental and Substance Use Disorder Statistics
Substance use and mental disorders can have a major impact on the health of individuals, along with their families and their communities. Approximately 9.8 million adults aged 18 and older in America had a serious mental illness in 2014, and 1.7 million of these adults are classified as young adults, aged 18 to 25. Additionally, about 15.7 million adults and 2.8 million youth (aged 12 to 17) reported suffering a major depressive episode during the last year.
Drug and alcohol use can lead to the development of other chronic diseases, like heart disease and diabetes. Dealing with the impact of substance abuse is thought to cost Americans an estimated $600 billion dollars per year.
In 2014, about 22.5 million Americans that were 12 years old or older reported needing treatment for illicit drug use or alcohol. These types of disorders are included in the top conditions that result in disability and have a high burden of disease in the U.S. As a result, these disorders result in high costs to families, health systems, and employers. It is estimated that by the year 2020, mental and substance abuse disorders will become a major cause of disability throughout the world, surpassing all other physical diseases.
Mental Illness and Substance Abuse Prevention
Selective prevention strategies focus on assisting people to develop the attitudes, knowledge, and skills necessary to make positive choices and change harmful behavior. These strategies can be implemented in a classroom setting.
Universal prevention approaches incorporate the usage of environmental prevention strategies. Environmental prevention strategies are tailored to local communities and address root causes of risky behavior by creating healthy environments.
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